Khewra Salt Mines

Khewra Salt Mines

Khewra Salt Mine is a very popular tourist attraction with nearly 250,000 visitors each year. There are several artistic carvings of salt stones placed in different areas of Khewra Salt Mines for amusement of tourists. There is an electric train available to take visitors inside the mine. It is told that engine of this train belongs to 1930. Male and female guides are available to guide tourists about the Khewra Salt Mines.

There are several small ponds of thick salty water in different areas of mine. When light is projected on the liquid in these pools it is refracts and produces different colors that look very beautiful. Most popular carvings of salt stone among tourists are a replica of Minar-e-Pakistan made with colorful salt bricks, a model of the Great Wall of China, a statue of national poet Allama Muhammad Iqbal, a beautiful mosque made up of colorful bricks of salt stone, a model of Sheesh Mahal made up of pink salt bricks, and a model of Mall Road of Murree.

History of Khewra Salt Mines

Year Event
326 BC Salt was discovered by the licking of out crop salt by the horses of Alexander The Great’s army who was here to fight a battle against Raja Porus.
1500 AD ASP Khan local leader of Khewra informed Akbar The Great about existence of salt deposit in Khewra. Mining was initiated by the orders of King Akbar.
1809 Sikhs taken over the Khewra Salt Mines from Mughals.
1849 British ruler taken over the salt mines.
1853 Aspiring of drinkable water discovered and conveyed to Khewra through a wooden tunnel.
1856 Motorable road was laid down between Khewra and P.D. Khan.
1872 Dr. Warth first Chief Mining Engineer surveyed whole mines and introduced scientific mining system.He laid out main tunnel at ground level.
1886-87 Railway Bridge (Victoria) was constructed over the river Jhelum between the Railway Junction Malikwal and Khewra.
1889-90 Salt production crossed 50,000 Metric Tonnes.
1902 Hospital established to provide medical facilities to miners and workers of the Khewra Salt Mines.
1914 The production was reached 50,000 Metric Tonnes.
1918 Two steam engines were used in the mines for carriage of rock salt.
1924-25 Power House with Two Diesel Electric Generating sets, 500 HP were installed.
1932 Chain cutter machines were imported.
1933 Automatic loading plant was installed.
1971 Khewra Salt Mines were switched over to WPIDC.
1974 PDMC (Pakistan Mining Development Corporation) taken over the mines from PIDC.
1998 Minning tub system switched over to tractor trolley system.
2002 Khewra Salt Mines Tourist Resort established.
2003 Inauguration of Khewra Tourist Resort.
2005 Khewra Asthma Clinic was established.
2010 Renovation of Khewra Tourist Resort.

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